Battle worn armour and weaponry from the bloody British Civil Wars go on display at the National Civil War Centre in Newark
This is the “lucky pikeman’s helm” recently acquired by the National Civil War Centre – Newark Museum.
Originally made at the Tower of London armoury, curators have dubbed it lucky because on one side there’s a deep dent thought to have been caused by a sword crashing down onto it – perhaps delivered by a Royalist cavalryman. Whatever the cause (and the eventual fate of its wearer), without the helm’s protection the pikeman would almost certainly have been killed.
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On the other side there’s a round dent possibly caused by a musket ball, which otherwise would have smashed into the temple.
“From what we can see the helmet did its job well, saving the wearer’s life twice over,” says National Civil War Centre curator Glyn Hughes. “It is extremely well made, we think by an apprentice called Soloman Sidthorpe, sometime between 1629 – 1635. By the time the civil war starts in 1642 this kind of equipment was being churned out in vast quantities.”
The helm was acquired in 2017 with other rare pieces that saw action during the English Civil War including a lobster pot helmet, breast and back plate and a grim sounding ‘mortuary’ sword, many of them are now going on display with scores of fearsome objects from one of the most significant collections of civil war armour in Britain.
Cutting Edge at the National Civil War Centre, reveals how the 17th century British Civil Wars were the deadliest in the nation’s history and spawned a major indigenous arms industry in England for the first time.
Most of the weaponry was acquired from private collectors, which means the museum now has probably the largest collection of such objects outside the Royal Armouries.
Highlights include a rare full set of pikeman’s armour, exquisite English rapier swords, along with breastplates hit by pistol balls to test their strength and an unusual sappers’ helmet with extra protective shoulder supports to protect the wearer from falling objects during castle sieges.
Gauntlets with their leather lining intact and cuirassier armour – used by elite cavalry – are all also on display. A quirkier note is struck by the pistol owned by Lord Delamere, a turncoat who swapped sides to fight for the Royalists, and whose bid to escape the clutches of republican solider dressed as woman was only thwarted when he asked an inn keeper for a razor to shave.
Items owned by Sir Tom Fairfax, Commander in Chief of the New Model Army, are also on show. They include his sword, riding boots and a drinking flask given to him by Oliver Cromwell, the future Lord Protector, and on display courtesy of the Fairfax family.
“These objects are a tangible reminder of a conflict that saw five percent of England’s population die through fighting or disease,” adds Hughes. “Because we have such a fabulous collection we can trace how armour developed during the period, with a move from heavy to lighter protection as the battlefield became mobile and dominated by muskets and artillery. If only these objects could speak to reveal their story.”
Cutting Edge at the National Civil War Centre runs until Autumn 2018.
National Civil War Centre
A visit to The National Civil War Centre will plunge you deep into the heart of Britain’s deadliest conflict. Explore this richly dramatic era in British history, seeing stories of gunpowder, plague and plot as you walk through our fantastic galleries. Discover for yourself the clash between Roundhead and Royalist,…